There are many different types of theology. This article is not intended to be an exhaustive list of theological distinctions. Instead, I hope to provide a brief explanation of the types of theology.
Justification theology is one theological type of theology that does not always get as much attention as others.
Part of the reason for this is because it is frequently misunderstood and sometimes misunderstood itself. Justification theology, like other types of theology, focuses on the relationship between Christ and the believer in a relationship known as the work of Christ.
Fideism is another theology type. Fideism differs from other types of theology in that it emphasizes the unity of faith and works. Through the works of Christ, we are reconciled with God and we are forgiven of our sins. The great Roman Catholic theologian John Henry Newman explained Fideism this way:
“Fideism assumes the necessity of faith, though it admits and affirms of the works of the saints. It is a little like the simple mysticism of the ancient Christians. It sees faith apart from works, but it does not see faith apart from the works of the saints. It sees faith separated from works but does not see faith separated from the saints, or faith alone.”
Like Fideism, reformed theology is a compromise between traditional theology and liberal theology. Reformed theology seeks to emphasize the separate role of God in salvation. Many people who identify themselves as Reformed tend to view traditional theology as so focused on solving theological problems that it completely neglects the believer’s relationship with God.
Believers who follow this path consider Biblical doctrines such as salvation by grace alone and predestination to be false doctrines. They also believe that just about everything written in the Bible is also true. Believers in the Reformed tradition also believe that Christians are responsible for their own salvation and that this saving faith is through the grace of God alone. Many of the doctrines mentioned above were based on Calvinistic philosophy. New Testament teaching often follows a similar course.
Many traditional forms of theology teach that God has provided only one effective way to salvation.
Other forms of traditional theology teach that Christ died once and for all on the cross for the entire human race. Some other forms of traditional theology teach that salvation is available through traditional means such as works and fasting. Other forms of traditional theology teach that salvation is available through the atonement of Christ.
The belief that salvation is possible without the atonement is called sola scriptura. Some other traditional forms of theology include:
As you can see, there are several different types of theology. These types of theology may be confusing to some, but I hope that this short article will help you better understand the theological approaches that you have heard preached from your religious leader or from your college professor.
These types of theological approaches are important to religious leadership. There are also many different forms of theology and many of them focus on one aspect of theology.
In order to apply these types of theological approaches to each other, you need to become familiar with them. You should know what types of theology you are working with.
- You should also know what areas of theology will benefit your life. After all, you are a pastor.
- I hope this article has helped you to better understand religious leaders and their theological approaches.
- Take a look at the bottom of this page for more information about becoming more familiar with these different types of theology.